Victimization as a psychological predictor of women who are victims of domestic violence


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Authors

  • S.Ye. Ilieva
  • G.Sh. Akymbek
  • G.Zh. Menlibekova

Keywords:

victimology, victimhood, victim behavior, potential victim, domestic violence, psychological predictor, aggression, anxiety, conformity, depressive neurosis

Abstract

The relevance of the topic is due to the need for in-depth study of domestic violence as a
complex social phenomenon based on the identification of patterns of formation of victim behavior of
women who have become victims of domestic violence.
The purpose of the article is to revealing personal features of victimization as a psychological predictor
of women who have become victims of domestic violence. As a research hypothesis, it is stated that the
individual psychological characteristics of women, family stress and violence are a psychological predictor
of domestic violence and can lead to the formation of victim behavior in women.
The article describes victimization, the essence and characteristics of the phenomenon of victimization,
general and personal qualities associated with victimization. The analysis of the works of foreign and
domestic scientists on the psychological aspects of the study of victimization is carried out. At the stage of
overcoming the psychological consequences of violence, an important task is to increase the internality of
the locus of control of the victim.
The empirical study used the Freiberski Identity Questionnaire (FPI) to identify the psychological
predictor of victimization of women victims of domestic violence. According to the methodology, high
levels of anxiety, inability to make decisions, komformity, inability to protect oneself, inability to act,
passivity have been found to be characteristic signs that lead to victimization of women. Based on an
analysis of the results of the Freiburg Personal Questionnaire conducted to identify the psychological
predictor of women victims of domestic violence, a psychological profile of the personal characteristics of
women’s victimization is given.
Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that psychological changes in the feelings and
behaviour of women living in a constant physical, psychological and other types of domestic violence, lead
to addiction and victimization.

Published

25.12.2023

How to Cite

Ilieva С. ., Akymbek Г., & Menlibekova Г. (2023). Victimization as a psychological predictor of women who are victims of domestic violence. Bulletin of L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociology Series., 145(4), 282–296. Retrieved from https://bulpedps.enu.kz/index.php/main/article/view/413

Issue

Section

Psychology